Sime Darby Plantation Berhad operates as an integrated plantation company in Malaysian and internationally. The company operates through Upstream Malaysia, Upstream Indonesia, Upstream Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands, Downstream, and Other Operations segments. It is involved in the development, cultivation, and management of oil palm, rubber, and sugarcane plantation estates; milling of fresh fruit bunches into crude palm oil and palm kernel (PK); processing and sale of rubber and sugarcane; and cattle rearing and beef production activities. The company operates 241 plantation estates that cover 745,301 hectares of oil palm plantations. It is also involved in the crushing of PK into crude palm kernel oils and palm kernel expellers; and production and sale of refined oils and fats, nutraceuticals, oleochemicals, and biodiesel products and derivatives. In addition, the company engages in provision of agriculture products and services; production and sale of oil palm seeds and seedlings; and research and breeding programs of oil palm and rubber with special focus on genome science, as well as focuses on the development of green technology and renewable energy. Sime Darby Plantation Berhad was incorporated in 2004 and is based in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.